The surveillance links between the Fertiliser Bomb Plotters and the July 7th 2005 suicide bombers, and the claims and denials about what surveillance information and intelligence was or was not passed from MI5 the Security Service to West Yorkshire Police, has prompted the Opposition to call for an Independent Inquiry into the whole affair, which has been rejected by the soon to be ex-Prime Minister Tony Blair.
The Inquiries Act was rushed through by the Labour Government after the Hutton Inquiry (into the Circumstances Surrounding the Death of Dr David Kelly C.M.G) or the Butler Inquiry.(Review of Intelligence on Weapons of Mass Destruction), even though these Inquiries were perceived by the public as letting the Government off the hook with only mild criticisms.
Under the Inquiries Act, a Minister not only chooses the allegedly independent Chairman and panel members, but sets the terms of reference and can censor their final report.
Any such Royal Commission should look at the reasons for the radicalisation of British terrorists, as well as the way in which the intelligence agencies, the Police and the Government's "intelligence machinery has been working, and it should not just focus on the July 7th 2005 attacks, but also the reaction to them and the July 21st failed attacks.
The Intelligence and Security Committee made a censored report (Intelligence and Security Committee Report into the London Terrorist Attacks on 7 July 2005 - .pdf), during which, it appears, according to leaks to the BBC, that they were not given the full details of the extent of the surveillance of Mohammad Sidique Khan and Shehzad Tanweer.
Rt. Hon. Paul Murphy MP, the chairman of this Committee has stated on television that he does not think it likely that his Committee would come to a different conclusion about the the possibly genuine mistake made by the Security Service in not giving a higher investigative priority to these two suspects.
This obviously disqualifies the Intelligence and Security Committee from any role in an independent inquiry, as the conclusions seem to have been already written.
The BBC also reports that
Calls for a fresh inquiry into the 7/7 attacks grew after it emerged that MPs and peers on the Intelligence and Security Committee (ISC) were not shown photographs linking Khan to known militants.
Security sources say MI5 said it did not reveal the images to the parliamentary committee because they were taken by police officers not MI5 operatives.
The ISC committee investigating 7/7 only ever saw one MI5 photograph of Khan. It did not see other photographs obtained by the BBC. A senior Whitehall source has told the BBC that the committee were aware other pictures existed and could have seen them if they had been requested.
Despite Tony Blair's statements in Parliament today, the Intelligence and Security Committee does not actually have powers to look into the normal policing activities of the West Yorkshire Police e.g fraud investigations, which is outside of their legal remit under the Intelligence Services Act 1994 Section 10.
Neither the ISC report, nor the Home Office's "narrative of events" seems to have investigated the claims by IT technician Martin Gilbertson , who worked in the same Islamic bookshop frequented by the Leeds and Dewsbury based July 7th suicide bombers, who said that he had sent the West Yorkshire police some evidence of his suspicions about them back in 2003.