Kofi Annan, the Secretary General of the United Nations has given a Keynote Speech at the International Summit on Democracy, Terrorism and Security currently being held in Madrid, Spain, which commemorates the 11th March anniversary of the terrorist bomb attacks there last year.
"The Panel asked me to promote a principled, comprehensive strategy. I intend to do that. This seems to me a fitting occasion to set out the main elements of that strategy, and the role of the United Nations in it.
There are five elements, and I shall call them the “five D’s”. They are:
- first, to dissuade disaffected groups from choosing terrorism as a tactic to achieve their goals;
- second, to deny terrorists the means to carry out their attacks;
- third, to deter states from supporting terrorists;
- fourth, to develop state capacity to prevent terrorism;
- and fifth, to defend human rights in the struggle against terrorism."
Which States could Kofi Annan be referring to below ?
"Last, but far from least, the fifth D — we must defend human rights.
- I regret to say that international human rights experts, including those of the UN system, are unanimous in finding that many measures which States are currently adopting to counter terrorism infringe on human rights and fundamental freedoms.
- Human rights law makes ample provision for strong counter-terrorist action, even in the most exceptional circumstances. But compromising human rights cannot serve the struggle against terrorism. On the contrary, it facilitates achievement of the terrorist’s objective — by ceding to him the moral high ground, and provoking tension, hatred and mistrust of government among precisely those parts of the population where he is most likely to find recruits.
- Upholding human rights is not merely compatible with a successful counter-terrorism strategy. It is an essential element in it."