Using Mobile Phones and Wireless PDAs
Mobile Phones and Wireless PDAs
- Do not use your normal mobile phone to contact a journalist or blogger from your Home Office location, or from home.
The Cell ID of your mobile phone will pinpoint your location in Marsham Street and the time and date of your call.
This works identically for Short Message Service text messages as well as for Voice calls.
Such Communications Traffic Data does not require that a warrant be signed by the Home Secretary, a much more junior official has the power to do this, e.g. the Home Office Departmental Security Unit headed by Jacqueline Sharland (probably someone else nowadays, given the staff turnover within the civil service) or any middle ranking Police officer at the Superintendent level or above.
- Do not store any friends or family or other business phone numbers on this disposable phone - only press or broadcast media or blogger contacts.
- Do store the 24 hour contact phone numbers of some firms of solicitors experienced in human rights law - these will be useful id / when you are stopped and searched or harassed or arrested by the Police e.g.
Kaim Todner Solicitors LLP
City of London Offices:
5 St. Bride Street
Tel: 020 7353 6660 (24 hours)
Fax: 020 7353 6661
DX: 265 LONDON CHANCERY LANE
275 Gray's Inn Road
DX: 37904 King's Cross
Tel: +44 (0)20 7833 4433
Fax: +44 (0)20 7837 9792
- Set a power on PIN and a Security PIN code on the phone - this may be enough to stop a Police Constable or Police Community Support Officer from rifling through your phone contacts and SMS messages illegally without a warrant, when they stop and search you, without reasonable cause under section 44 of the Terrorism Act 2000.
- Make a note of the phone handset's International Mobile Equipment Identifier (IMEI), which can help you to get the phone disabled if it is lost or stolen. Most handsets will display this if the *#06# command is entered, and the number is on a label visible when the battery is removed.
- For no good reason, It is often unclear what your actual phone number is when you buy a new pre-paid mobile phone or use a new SIM card. Some networks e.g. Vodafone display the phone handset number when you make a call to *#100#.
- This Home Office Crime Reduction page lists the Mobile Phone Company numbers to report your stolen handset to, so that it can be quickly disabled. You do not want a thief or someone who finds your lost phone ringing up or sending or reading SMS messages from your confidential contacts on your stolen or lost mobile phone.
- Physically destroy the phone and the Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) card once you have done your whistleblowing. Remember that your DNA and fingerprints will be on this mobile phone handset.
- Do not be tempted to re-use the SIM in another phone or to put a fresh SIM in the old phone, unless you are confident about your ability to illegally re-program the International Mobile Equipment Electronic Identity (IMEI). It is possible to re-program the IMEI on many phones, often as trivially as with a Hayes AT modem style command to change a hardware register setting on a serial modem. The The Mobile Telephones (Re-programming) Act 2002 , and subsequent amendments, carry a penalty of up to 5 years in prison, for doing this (without the written permission of the Mobile Phone Handset Manufacturer, not the permission of the Mobile Phone Network Operator), or for possessing equipment and software to do this (i.e. any terminal / terminal emulation software and a serial computer to phone cable), or even to advertise doing this as a service.
- Switch off BlueTooth wireless networking on your mobile phone. At the very least the device identifier can be used to remotely track your presence at a particular location. At worst, the many insecure versions of BlueTooth implementations allow a snooper to remotely look through and copy your stored contacts and photos, and perhaps even to initiate an outgoing call or a silent incoming one, thereby turning your phone into a bugging device.
- What applies to BlueTooth, also applies to WiFi wireless connectivity, which is just starting to appear in some phones now - switch it off !.
- A recent Court case on the USA, where the FBI bugged the mobile phone of a Mafia suspect, has re-opened the debate on whether or not some models of mobile phone e.g. the newer, more powerful ones with embedded programming languages, can be secretly turned into bugging device by the Network Operator / Law Enforcement / Intelligence agencies. Apart from the BlueTooth exploits alluded to above, this may well be true for some models of phone.
Many modern mobile phone handsets do not really switch off when you press the "power off button". You can confirm this by setting an alarm, and then switching the handset off - many phones will "wake up" and emit an audible alarm and power up the display etc. at the programmed time. In principle, any software with access to low level functions of the phone could do this, and more, without the user being aware of it.
- A typical bit of commercial mobile phone spyware is FlexiSpy, which can send copies of SMS messages to another phone. Supposedly, you are meant to inform the person whose phone is being bugged in this way, but since it is aimed at the jealous control freak market, this is unlikely.
Presumably this, or customised versions of similar software, is available to the police and intelligence agencies for use in Intrusive Surveillance, when state authorised burglary of private homes or vehicles, or the use of undercover agents and infiltrators is in effect.
However, from a whistleblower / journalist / blogger point of view, if you have already been identified to the level required to be put under this sort of surveillance, then the cat is already out of the bag, and you have been discovered.
- You can make use of a novelty toy "flashing aerial" or other similar devices (essentially a tuned aerial coil and an LED) which light up an LED when a mobile phone is active nearby. If you have apparently switched off your phone, and the LED still flashes, or the battery gets warm, then perhaps your phone has been secretly switched on,but it is unlikely.
If you are feeling paranoid, then either
- Use a novelty LED mobile phone signal detector toy (might not work on all frequencies of a 3 or 4 band mobile phone or on 3G / GSM combined handsets)
- Keep your mobile phone in an aluminium foil or other radio frequency shielded bag or container.
- Remove the battery from your phone
- Invest in £££ anti-bugging equipment
- All of the above also applies to Mobile Phone SmartPhones and Personal Digital Assistants, like Blackberry or Ipaq devices.
Make sure that anyone you are meeting face to face, also obeys these tips about mobile phones.
Just in case you think this is excessive paranoia, it recently emerged that journalists in the USA and in Germany and the Netherlands, were having their phones monitored, by their national intelligence agencies, precisely to try to track down their "anonymous sources".
Why would this not happen here in the UK ?
Cellcrypt Tips to Stop Mobile Phone Tapping
CellCrypt, a company with a vested commercial interest in selling you some mobile phone encryption software, has nevertheless published some sensible tips aimed at businessmen:
Cellcrypt Tips to Stop Mobile Phone Tapping
* Never assume that voice calls are confidential (like fax or email), especially when calling internationally where some countries' phone operators have no encryption security in place at all. Check your signal, calls on 3G are more secure than 2G but often falls back to 2G when 3G is unavailable.
* Keep your phone safe and do not leave it lying around. Skilled attackers can take just a few moments to install a malicious program, compromise the security of the SIM card or install a special battery with a bug in it, all of which can later be used to help intercept calls.
* Use and protect your phone and voicemail PINs in the same way as your bankcard PIN. Never leave confidential messages in voicemails or send confidential texts. Texts in particular are easy to read on the phone and mobile phone voicemails can often be accessed from any phone with the PIN.
* Be vigilant to prevent malicious software on your phone. Be wary of texts, system messages or events on your phone that you did not ask for, initiate or expect. Turn off Bluetooth if you are not using it. Consider anti-virus / anti-malware software, and if you strongly suspect your calls are being listened to then turn off the phone when you don't need it and remove the battery as an extreme precaution.
* Use voice call encryption software on your phone to secure your sensitive calls that works worldwide and is as easy to use as making a normal phone call.
* If you have no alternative (such as using encryption software) and urgently need to discuss confidential matters over a mobile phone:
* cover your mouth so you can't be lip-read
* choose a location where you can't be overheard
* talk quietly and be brief
* use code words
* split information across different channels (e.g. refer to emails or send texts etc so information is incomplete and meaningless on its own)